Following the recent dramatic developments including the refugee crisis, it has become more than evident that the cause of peace in the Middle East is an issue of vital importance, not only for the countries and peoples of the region, but also for Europe and the entire world.
With this in mind, the Central Committee of SYRIZA approved on March 6, 2016 the following 6-point Peace Proposal:
1. Intensification of international efforts to end the war in Syria, with the participation in a peace process of all sides in the Syrian civil war. The goal for Syria must be to establish a representative transitional government that will work for national reconciliation, safeguard the country’s integrity and guarantee the Syrian people’s right to elect a democratic post-war government, through multi-party elections.
2. Another serious cause of conflicts in the Middle East is the fact that it is now the most highly militarized region on Earth, absorbing some 30% of legal arms exports worldwide, as well as a large part of the illegal arms trade. Therefore the international community, if it wants to respond effectively to the jihadists, must impose strict controls over arms exports to the region, accompanied by an embargo on exports to warring countries or groups.
3. Step up efforts to solve the key issue for peace in the Middle East, i.e. the Palestinian one, for which a just and viable solution is required by ending the illegal settlements and eventually the Israeli occupation according to UN resolutions. A state of Palestine must be established within the 1967 borders, internationally recognized, so that Palestine and Israel can live alongside each other and enjoy equal security. In this direction, the Hellenic Parliament has adopted unanimously a resolution in favor of recognizing the State of Palestine.
4. Of increased and urgent significance is the regeneration and promotion of the peace process between Ankara and the Kurds, to the benefit of a democratic and peace-loving Turkey, a stable factor for peace and security in the entire Middle East and Mediterranean.
5. Developments also require that the Cyprus issue is approached as a central problem of peace and security in the Mediterranean. Our view is that by resolving the problem on the basis of UN Resolutions, Cyprus can set an example of co-existence between two different ethnic and religious communities, and can become Europe’s peace bridge to the Middle East.
6. Greece and Cyprus may promote the convocation of a Conference on Security and Cooperation in the Mediterranean. The focal point of the Conference would be a new Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation, its primary goal being to bridge the explosive north-south gap in the Mediterranean.